Highlights from

ECCO 2019

European Crohn's and Colitis Organisation's 14th congress

Copenhagen 6-9 March 2019

OPERA II study: MAdCAM-1 antibody SHP647

SHP647 is a fully human IgG2 anti-mucosal addressin cell adhesion molecule 1 (MAdCAM-1) antibody in development for the treatment of Crohn's disease. In the extension study of the placebo-controlled OPERA II trial, remission rates were sustained over 72 weeks with SHP647, regardless of initial response to induction treatment or dose-escalation status [1].

Patients enrolled in OPERA II completed either 12 weeks induction treatment (placebo or SHP647 22.5 mg, 75 mg, or 225 mg subcutaneous) in the OPERA trial regardless of response or had a clinical response to SHP647 225 mg in the TOSCA trial. In OPERA II, they received SHP647 (75 mg) every 4 weeks from week 0–72 and were followed up monthly for safety for a further 24 weeks. Dose reduction to 22.5 mg or escalation to 225 mg was allowed from week 8 as judged by the investigator. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), faecal calprotectin (FC), and Harvey-Bradshaw Index (HBI) score were assessed as exploratory efficacy endpoints.

Out of 268 participants, 149 completed the study. Remission rate (HBI <5) initially decreased in responders and increased in non-responders from baseline to week 8; it was then maintained in both groups to week 72 (see Figure). No patient de-escalated the dose, but 157 patients escalated to 225 mg. Those who escalated had slightly higher hsCRP and FC concentrations at baseline than those who remained on 75 mg (mean hsCRP, 22.8 vs 20.5 μg/ml; mean FC, 2,662.7 vs 1,988.8 mg/kg). hsCRP and FC levels were higher in patients who dose-escalated than those who remained on 75 mg subcutaneous, which adds to the evidence for long-term efficacy of SHP647.

Figure: Change over time in OPERA II in mean remission rate (HBI score <5) for responders and non-responders to treatment with SHP647 from OPERA and TOSCA trials [1]

Change over time in OPERA II in mean remission

Includes all patients who escalated dose to 225 mg and those who remained on 75 mg SHP647.

Keywords: Crohn’s disease, C-reactive protein, faecal calprotectin

  1. D’Haens G, et al. ECCO 2019, OP08.

Top image: © Pornpak Khunatorn

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