Highlights from

American Academy of Dermatology

annual meeting 2018

San Diego 16-20 February 2018

New topical and systematic treatments

“It is mind-blowing how much is going on with respect to new treatments for AD,” said Prof. Eric Simpson of Oregon Health & Science University [10]. An emerging topical treatment is the PDE4 inhibitor crisaborole, a cream that contains borone. A trial published last year found that nine to 14 patients need to be treated to get one more patient clear or almost clear compared to placebo [11].

“The problem with this medication, which has the potency of low-to-mid-potency topical corticosteroids is the price: a 60g tube costs 600 US dollars,” said Prof. Simpson. Other topical PDE4 inhibitors are also in development. “JAK inhibitors are definitely entering dermatology, locally and systemically,” said Prof. Simpson. JAKs are key mediators in the signalling pathway of numerous cytokines implicated in the pathogenesis of AD, which include IL-4, -13, and IL-31 [Figure 8]. [12,13].

AAD 2018: Figure 8 JAK inhibitors

Figure 8: JAK inhibitors influence numerous cells in Atopic Dermatitis. [12,13]

A topical PAN-JAK inhibitor, JTE-052, displayed remarkable efficacy in Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe AD in improving the EASI, the primary endpoint of this trial [14]. Patients were randomised to receive the topical JAK-Inhibitor at 0.25%, 0.5%, 1%, and 3%, as well as the vehicle ointment, or tacrolimus (0.1%); these ointments were applied twice daily for four weeks.

Patients in all JAK-Inhibitor groups experienced a significant change in modified EASI score from baseline, compared with the vehicle group. The improvements appeared to be dose-dependent. “A rapid improvement of pruritus was observed already at Day 1 for the three higher dosing groups,” said Prof Simpson. A

ll adverse events were considered mild or moderate in severity, the majority of them mild; no serious adverse events were reported. It is notable that no clinically significant changes in laboratory parameters or vital signs were reported. Clinical results were similar to tacrolimus ointment 0.1%, but with fewer side-effects and burning. This study suggests that JAK inhibitors in AD are very promising and can provide increased opportunity to tailor treatment to the needs of each individual patient.

The International Eczema Council considered when AD should warrant systemic therapy [15]. “We came to the conclusion that systemic treatment should only be advocated if aggressive topical therapy does not achieve adequate control of the disease,” said Prof. Simpson. A systematic and holistic approach is recommended to assess patients with severe AD and the impact on QoL before systemic therapy.

Steps taken before commencing systemic therapy include considering alternate or concomitant diagnoses (e.g. allergic contact dermatitis), avoiding trigger factors, optimising topical therapy, ensuring adequate patient/caregiver education, treating coexistent infection, assessing QoL, and considering phototherapy. “In many cases, phototherapy is a safe and effective way to enhance topical therapy,” said Prof. Simpson.

  1. Simpson, El. oral presentation session F012, AAD Annual Meeting, February 16–20 2018.
  2. Ahmed, A. et al. Br J Dermatol 2017 Dec 3.
  3. Paller, AS. et al. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2017;140:633–43.
  4. Bissonnette, R. et al. Br J Dermatol 2016;175:902–11.
  5. Nakagawa, H. et al. P2118, EADV Annual Meeting, September 16–20 2017.
  6. Simpson, EL. et al. J AM Acad Dermatol 2017;77:623–33.

Top image: © kali9

The content and interpretation of these conference highlights are the views and comments of the speakers/authors.